Rome is a city that is full of history, culture, and beauty. One of the most fascinating areas of the city is the Jewish Ghetto. Here, visitors can explore a neighborhood that has been home to the Jewish community in Rome for centuries. In this article, we will explore the best things to see and do in the Jewish Ghetto of Rome.
The History of the Jewish Ghetto
The Jewish Ghetto in Rome was established in 1555 by Pope Paul IV. The area was originally a swampy marshland, and the pope ordered all Jews in Rome to move into the area. The ghetto was surrounded by walls and gates, and the Jews were not allowed to leave the area at night. Over the centuries, the Jewish Ghetto became a vibrant community, with its own customs, traditions, and culture.
The Jewish Museum of Rome
The Jewish Museum of Rome is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the history of the Jewish community in Rome. The museum is housed in the Great Synagogue of Rome, which was built in 1904. Visitors can explore the various exhibits, which showcase the history, culture, and traditions of the Jewish community in Rome. The museum also has a library, which contains a vast collection of books, documents, and photographs related to the history of the Jewish community in Rome.
The Great Synagogue of Rome
The Great Synagogue of Rome is one of the largest synagogues in Europe. Built in 1904, it is a magnificent building that combines elements of Moorish and Romanesque architecture. Visitors can take a guided tour of the synagogue, which includes a visit to the museum and the Jewish Ghetto.
The Jewish Ghetto
The Jewish Ghetto is a fascinating neighborhood that is full of history and culture. Visitors can explore the various streets and alleyways, which are lined with shops, restaurants, and cafes. The area is also home to several historic landmarks, including the Portico d’Ottavia, which was built in the 1st century BC.
The Portico d’Ottavia
The Portico d’Ottavia is a historic landmark in the Jewish Ghetto. It was built in the 1st century BC and was originally a covered market. Today, visitors can explore the ruins of the market, which include several columns and arches. The area around the Portico d’Ottavia is also home to several restaurants and cafes, where visitors can enjoy traditional Jewish cuisine.
Piazza Mattei is a beautiful square in the heart of the Jewish Ghetto. It is home to the Fontana delle Tartarughe, or the Turtle Fountain. The fountain was built in the 16th century and features several turtles climbing up the sides of the basin.
The Jewish Ghetto of Rome is a fascinating neighborhood that is full of history and culture. Visitors can explore the various landmarks and museums, which showcase the history and traditions of the Jewish community in Rome. Whether you are interested in history, culture, or food, the Jewish Ghetto of Rome has something for everyone.